Objective: to know the prevalence of hospitalizations and the correlation with infant mortality due to renal failure. Method: ecological, descriptive study, based on information from the DATASUS database, referring to hospital admissions and mortality rate due to renal failure, using the following variables: sex, age, hospitalization and death by renal failure, in the five regions of Brazil, from 2008 to 2014. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used for intentional non-probabilistic sampling. Results: 11,802 hospitalizations for renal failure were recorded in Brazil, with an average of 8.4 to 13.8 days. The male gender and the age range of five to nine years were predominant. The Northeastern region had a higher number of hospitalizations and mortality and North, to lower. Conclusion: the disparity in information may be related to the socioeconomic and health care characteristics of each region. Descriptors: Child; Renal insufficiency; Prevalence; Mortality; Hospitalization. To learn more

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